Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English 500 words

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students and Children in English

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Many saints, thinkers, and social reformers have been born on the holy land of India, who raised the head of India with pride. One of these shining suns is named Mahatma Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who spent his entire life in the struggle for India’s independence.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Early Age

Mahatma Gandhi is known as Bapu and Gandhiji’s Complete name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.  He was born on 2 October 1869 in Kathiawadi, Gujarat, at a place called Porbandar. The day of 2 October is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti in India.

He is a great man who believed in non-violence and social unity.  He inspired Indians to use indigenous goods and inspired people to boycott foreign goods.  Even today people remember him for his great work. He wanted to destroy the tradition of untouchability and discrimination from Indian culture and liberate India from British rule.

His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, who was a lover of Rajkot.  His mother’s name was Putlibai, a woman of religious views. At the age of 13, he was married to Kasturba Gandhi.  A few days after their marriage, their father dies. Mahatma Gandhi had 4 sons named Harilal, Manilal, Devdas and Ramdas.

 Details of Mahama Gandhi

Born Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869
Died Mahatma Gandhi died on 30 January 1948 ( aged 78 )
Monuments  Raj Ghat, Delhi
Political Party Indian National Congress
Spouse Kasturba Gandhi
Children Harilal, Manilal,Ramdas,Devdas
Slogan Do or Die


He completed his studies in India and went to England to study law.  From there Gandhiji returned to India as a lawyer and started practicing law in India.  Gandhiji wanted to help the people of India who are humiliated and hurt by British rule. In India itself, Gandhiji joined the Indian National Congress as a member.

Gandhiji always worshiped the truth.  He adopted the true nature of truth in life. He took the path of non-violence in view of violence even in the nuclear age.  Mahatma Gandhi had to go to South Africa in connection with a case.  They were then thrown out of the train compartment due to being unwell.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi had to go to South Africa in connection with a case when he was thrown out of the train compartment for being black. He did not tolerate this insult to Indians at all.  He inspired the Indian public to get freedom.


Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader of the Indian independence movement who struggled a lot for the independence of India.  He led the Salt Satyagraha or Dandi March in 1930.  He made many more movements.  He inspired many Indians to work against British rule for the independence of India.

He was also jailed several times as a great freedom fighter.  But after his many struggles with many Indians, he continued the fight against British rule for the justice of Indians, and finally, India got independence on 15 August 1947 with the help of Mahatma Gandhi and all independent fighters. But Mahatma Gandhi died on 30 January 1948.

Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.  Those were the last words that came out of his mouth.  O, Rama, His samadhi is built at Rajghat in Delhi.  Gandhiji may not be alive among us today, but his thoughts are forever alive in our hearts. Mahatma Gandhi, a great freedom fighter who will always be remembered for his contribution.

10 Lines Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in the Porbandar district of Gujarat.
  • His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and his mother’s name was Putlibai.
  • His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
  • His birthday is celebrated every year on 2 October  ( Gandhi Jayanti ).
  • He is known as Bapu and Father of the Nation.
  • He was a great freedom fighter who believed in non-violence and on the strength of that he got us freedom.
  • He did many works like the non-cooperation movement and Dandi March so that the country was liberated.
  • He inspired the Indian people to adopt the Swadeshi thing.
  •  Gandhi Ji was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948.
  • Gandhiji’s life is an inspiration for all of us.

Movements of Mahatma Gandhi

Champaran Satyagraha

Champaran Satyagraha was held on 10 April 1917 in Champaran district of Bihar under the leadership of Gandhiji. It was the first Satyagraha conducted in India under the leadership of Gandhiji. The purpose of Champaran Satyagraha is to improve the condition of farmers.Rajendra Prasad, Brijkishore, Mahadev Desai, Narhari Parikh and JB Kriplani were among other leaders along with Gandhiji in Champaran Satyagraha.

Under the three Kathia systems prevalent in Bihar, farmers had to cultivate indigo on 3/20 of the land. Due to the lack of profit from indigo cultivation, the condition of the farmers became very pathetic.

Dandi March

Today is a very special day in history because Mahatma Gandhi started the Dandi March on 12 March 1930. This day is known as an important milestone of the Indian independence movement. The Father of the Nation  Mahatma Gandhi started the Dandi Yatra for Salt Satyagraha from Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad on this day.

Dandi March refers to the foot march which was started by Mahatma Gandhi and his volunteers on 12 March 1930. The Dandi Yatra had a profound impact on the freedom movement. At that time, it was decided by the British government to legally extort tax on salt products.

Mahatma Gandhi did a foot march against this law in 1930 from Sabarmati to Dandi. Thousands of patriots took part in this Dandi Yatra on 12 March 1930. The Dandi March united the whole Indian to fight against the British.  Finally, the British had to leave India.

Rowlatt Act

The Rowlatt Act came into force on 21 March 1919. The Rowlatt Act was a law introduced by the British Government. This law empowered the British government to imprison any Indian without trial in court. The Rowlatt Act is also known as the Black Law. This act was made by the British government to crush the national movement emerging in India. Under this law, the offender did not even have the right to know the name of the person who filed the case against him. Gandhiji called for a massive strike.

Thousands of people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on 13 April 1919 to protest against the Rowlatt Act. British officer General Dyer opened fire on the unarmed crowd for 10 minutes without warning, due to which about a thousand people died in this incident and while more than fifteen hundred people were injured.

Quit India Movement

The Quit India Movement started on 8 August 1942 during the Second World War. The goal of this movement was to end the British Empire from India. This movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi from Azad Maidan in Mumbai. Approval was given to start a mass movement based on non-violence for the independence of the country. Quit India Movement is also known as August Kranti. During the Quit India Movement, “British Quit India” and “Do or Die” became the slogans of Indians. Do and Die slogan was given by Mahatma Gandhi.

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